Che Guevara

Ernesto Guevara Lynch de La Serna (Rosario, Argentina, June 14, 1928 - Bolivia, October 9, 1967) is the Argentine Marxist revolutionary and Cuban guerrilla leader.
Guevara was born in Rosario, Argentina, from mixed-blood families Irish, Basque and Spanish. Date of birth written on the birth certificate of June 14, 1928, but the truth is May 14, 1928.

Since the age of two years of Che Guevara suffered asthma all his life. Therefore, the family moved to the drier areas of Alta Gracia (Cordoba) where his health did not improve. Primary education at home, mostly from his mother, Celia de la Serna. At such a young age, Che Guevara has become a voracious reader. He diligently read the literature about Karl Marx, Engels and Sigmund Freud in his father's library. Entering high school's first (1941) at the Colegio Nacional Dean Funes (Cordoba). At this school he became the best in the field of literature and sports. Che Guevara at his house moved by the Spanish Civil War refugees and by a series of severe political crisis in Argentina. This crisis culminated under the rule of fascist dictator Juan Peron left, a man who opposed Guevara. Various events inculcated in Guevara, he saw an insult in the dilakonkan pantomime of parliamentary democracy, and appears also the hatred of military politicians and the capitalists, and in particular the United States dollar is considered a symbol of capitalism.

Yet he did not participate in the revolutionary student movement. He showed little interest in politics at the University of Buenos Aires (1947) where he studied medicine. At first he was only interested in deepening the disease itself, but then he was interested in leprosy.

a return to homelands by a unanimous belief of the one thing that he did not want to be a professional middle class because of his expertise as a skin specialist. Then during the national revolution he went to La Paz, Bolivia where he was accused of being an opportunist. From there he went to Guatemala, earning his living by writing articles about the archaeological ruins of Mayan and Inca Indians. Guatemala was ruled by President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman is a socialist. Although Che has become adherent to understand Marxism and Lenin experts he refused to join the Communist Party. This meant losing the chance to be a government medical workers, therefore he became poor. He lived with Hilda Gadea, adherents of Indian Marxist political education. This person who introduced him to Nico Lopez, one of Fidel Castro's lieutenants. In Guatemala he saw the CIA agent working as an agent of counterrevolution and more convinced that the revolution could only be armed insurrection. When President Arbenz out of office, Guevara moved to Mexico City (September 1954) and worked at the General Hospital, followed by Hilda Gadea and Nico Lopez. Guevara met and marveled at the Raúl Castro and Fidel Castro, then political emigres, and he realized that Fidel was the leader he was seeking.

He joined Castro's followers in farmhouses where the Cuban revolutionary guerrilla warfare trained rigorously and professionally by the Spanish Republican army captain Alberto Bayo, an author of "Ciento cincuenta Preguntas a un guerilleo" (One hundred and fifty questions to a guerrilla fighter) in Havana, 1959. Bayo is not only teaching but also his personal experience of Mao Tse-tung and Che (in Italian means a roommate and close friend) became his favorite disciple and a leader in the classroom. War exercises at the farm to the local police suspicious and Che and the Cuban people were arrested but released a month later.

In June 1956 when they invaded Cuba, Che went with them, initially as a doctor but later as commander of the revolutionary army Barbutos. He is the most aggressive and smart and most successful of the guerrilla and the most earnest in giving the teachings of Lenin to his men. He was also a ruthless disciplinarian who did not hesitate to shoot people in the arena of careless and this time he gained a reputation for cold-blooded cruelty in the mass executions of supporters of the defeated president Batista. At the time of the revolution was won, Guevara is the second person after Fidel Castro in Cuba's new government and was responsible for pushing Castro into the communist communism toward freedom is not orthodox, Moscow-style communism of some of their colleagues. Che organized and directed the Instituto Nacional de la Reforma Agraria, which make up the contents of agrarian law confiscating the lands owned by the feudal lords (the landlord), founded the Department of Industry and was appointed President of the National Bank of Cuba and displacing the communists from the government and the postal strategic-post. He acted tough against two French economist who Marxist who asked for advice by Fidel Castro and Che who want to act more slowly. Che also against the Soviet advisers. He brought the Cuban economy so fast into total Communism, into crop and production diversification, that he temporarily ruined it.


Wedding Che Guevara

In 1959, married Aledia Guevara March, and both visited Egypt, India, Japan, Indonesia, which was also present at the Asian-African Conference, Pakistan and Yugoslavia. Back in Cuba, he was appointed Minister of Industry, signed a trade pact (February 1960) with the Soviet Union, which freed the Cuban sugar industry from dependence on the U.S. market. This is a signal to his failure in the Congo and Bolivia, an axiom would be a mistake that would not inevitable. "It is not necessary to wait until the conditions for revolution exist: the instructional focus can create" 'And, with Mao Tse-tung, he believed that the countryside must bring the revolution to the town in predominately peasant countries. Also at this time he spread the communist philosophy (later published in "The Socialism and Man in Cuba", March 12, 1965). He summarizes pahamnya become "Man can indeed achieve the perfect level of humanity when he produces without being compelled by physical needs, so he must sell himself as a commodity".


The official opposition to the communist Soviet Union appeared as the Organization for Afro-Asian Solidarity at Algiers (February 1965) accused the Soviet Union as an imperialist stooge by trading not only with state-communist bloc countries and provides assistance to developing countries of the socialist thought of return. He also attacked the Soviet government for its policy of coexistence and for Revisionism. Three conferences Guevara continent to realize the program of revolutionary, insurrectionary, guerrilla cooperation in Africa, Asia and South America. In addition, after the forced contact with the United States, he was as Cuba's representative at the UN to attack the countries of North America for their greedy and merciless imperialist activity in Latin America.


Che attitudes that do not compromise on the two capitalist and communist to forced Castro to drop him (1965, not officially, but in practice. For several months a secret and his death was widely rumored. He was in various African countries, notably the Congo where he surveying the possibilities of turning the Kinshasa rebellion into a Communist revolution by Cuban guerrilla tactics. He returned to Cuba to train volunteers for this project and send a force of 120 Cubans to the Congo. The men were fighting in earnest, but not so with the rebels Kinshasa. they were useless against the Belgian mercenaries and by autumn 1965 Che asked Castro to withdraw Cuban aid.

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